President Cyril Ramaphosa and his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and China each gave a short address after a closed session meeting on the second day of the 2018 Brics Summit in Johannesburg.

The open sessions of the leaders meeting has come to a close. Each of the five Brics heads of state gave a short five minute statement.

resident Vladimir Putin starts by praising former President Nelson Mandela. “During his entire life, he has been upholding and protecting the principles of equality, openness and fairness.” but regretted that South Africa of today was sliding towards violence, threat and attack of the minority groups.

“Mr Mandela’s legacy is reflected in the activities if Brics.”

Putin is talking about the importance of digitisation for the Russian economy.

“In the environment of digital realities, it is very important to guarantee the safety of business and our citizens,” he says. “We take necessary measures – legislative and other measures – in order to achieve a situation [for] the creation of a safe and reliable internet environment”.

He talks about the importance of the protection of digital information and private life in the private sphere.

“We must all be ready and prepared for a more speedy and flexible word,” says Temer, according to a translation of his remarks.

He says the biggest asset of a country has become the ability of its citizens to assimilate and coordinate knowledge in a “relevant and swift manner”.

They have now moved to a separate room for the signing of a memorandum.

He says that, following a proposal by Putin, the five leaders have agreed to deepen a ‘people to people’ component.

“We should have a Brics sports process in a number of sporting codes,” says Ramaphosa, saying that the popularity of sports that each country specialises in can spread between the different countries.

The details of the sport and cultural meetings will still be ironed out, says Ramaphosa. He adds that the leaders congratulated Putin for the successful hosting of the 2018 World Cup.

Russia was knocked out by Croatia in the Quarter-Finals.

He says the Russian team’s performance was “truly outstanding’.

The meeting of the five heads of state comes after speakers at previous panels roundly criticised the imposition of tariffs on Chinese exports by US President Donald Trump.

“Brics cooperation will be a solution to [the] challenge of de-globalisation,” said chairperson of the Bank of China Chen Siqing, according to a translated version of his opening address, at a panel discussion on Tuesday.

Leslie Maasdorp, vice-president and chief financial officer at the New Development Bank – commonly known as the Brics bank, said on Tuesday that globalisation was “irreversible”, and the protectionist path adopted by the US will only see the country become more isolated.

On Wednesday Chinese President Xi delivered an address that criticised US trade policies while not mentioning Trump or the US by name.

“We BRICS countries should firmly promote an open world economy, be resolute in rejecting unilateralism and protectionism, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and jointly steer the global economy toward greater openness, inclusiveness, balanced growth and win-win outcomes for all,” he said, according to a translated version of his remarks.