Apartheid is not a new word in South Africa for it is almost if not impossible to name the word without talking about South Africa. The word emanated from “apart-hood” which literally means “the state of being apart”, and from 1948 to the mid 90’s, apartheid represented a system of racial segregation in South Africa which was enforced via the legislation of the National Party to extensively abridge the rights of the black populace of South Africa.
All the good things of life were then “Reserved For Whites Only”. So, apartheid by extension refers to the forms of systematic segregation. If that’s the case, here are evidences that will reveal the masked face of apartheid in South Africa.
When Nelson Mandela became South Africa’s first Black president in 1994, his ascent was celebrated worldwide and represented a change in the country’s hateful apartheid system that rendered Black South Africans segregated and less than human. Perhaps Mandela’s biggest challenge was to bring reconciliation to a country that, since had been white-ruled and Black-oppressed. The rural, whiterun towns around the major cities would be the hardest to change. Twenty-two years after Mandela’s victory remnants of apartheid still exist in numerous ways.
Apartheid In The Present Day South Africa ;
10. Black dominance in politics.
Just like the opposite of Apartheid when whites ruled, black people now dominate most prominent political seats in SA. Seats like The President, his Deputy, Speaker, Mayor, Party leaders, MPs, Ministers, and Councillors are being dominated by white majority. Since 1994, no white man has ruled South Africa. See our top ten list of richest South African politicians and their net worth; blacks dominate it.
9. White monopoly capital .
In present day South Africa, white people dominate the riches of the country. To confirm this, check our top five list of richest white and five richest black South Africans, then compare their net worth to see who dominates the economy.
8. Black Labour.
In present day South Africa, it is very hard or almost impossible to find pure white labour. Believe it or not, white people no matter how broke they are don’t like doing cheap labour but most black men can do anything to survive. Go to the mines, construction sites, farms and trade place, you will see that there is black majority in labour market.
7. Defiance of Laws.
In the months before the all-race 1994 elections that Mandela won and the African National Congress took power, notorious Afrikaner Resistance Movement militants (above) executed a bombing rampage that killed 21 people and injured dozens more — all because they did not want an end to apartheid. Even after, in 1995, electing its first Black mayor of Ventersdorp, with a town council that was mostly Black, the right-wing whites ignored the ban on segregation and barred Blacks from white-run hotels, bars and the local pool.
In many parts of South Africa, whites and Blacks remain socially isolated. Less than 40 percent of South Africans interact socially with people of another race, according to the South African Reconciliation Barometer, a public opinion poll on race, political and social relations. Some Blacks said that whites still bypass them and move to the front of the line in stores. Meanwhile, a survey conducted by the Institute for Justice Reconciliation indicated that 18 years after the end of white minority rule, 43.5 percent of South Africans rarely or never speak to someone of another race. Little more than a quarter (27.4 percent) interacted with a person of another race always or often on ordinary weekdays, while 25.9 percent did so sometimes.
5. Unequal Employment Opportunities.
The quality education provided for the white as enabled by the apartheid government ensured that majority of whites retained good jobs and that still happens up till date. As such, South Africans have consistently experienced a huge disparity in job distribution where the minority whites are largely employed and the black majority are hugely unemployed. One can conclusively say the blacks in South Africa are set-apart for unemployment.
At an Afrikaner church that many resistance movement members and other conservative whites attend, pastor Francois De Bruin said he had no problem with either firing or not hiring Blacks. “We don’t employ a lot of Blacks anyway,” De Bruin said, “because they steal.” The unemployment rate for Blacks in South Africa is more than 50 percent. The IJR poll revealed that 82.4 percent of Black South Africans attribute the employment and income disparities to apartheid. Meanwhile, just 50 percent of whites believe that. A study completed by researchers at the University of Cape Town found that Black residents saw few business opportunities for themselves in Cape Town, and that companies struggled to recruit and retain them. It concluded that in Western Cape, “African people are almost always less successful than white people in moving up career paths, creating an ‘ebony ceiling’ effect.”
4. Unequal Education.
Yes, racial segregation which is a profound indicator of apartheid was officially abolished about 20 years ago. However, the schools attended by South African students is still largely categorized based on race. Schools dominated by white students are functional whereas those that are attended by majority of blacks struggle to bestow the much-needed literacy ability. Check out the quality of private schools in South Africa which predominantly serve white students, then do the same for schools with poor facilities and less qualified teachers, I guarantee you will find no white student there.
Simply put, Black South Africans in poor neighborhoods have poor schools, inferior facilities and less qualified teachers. Many private schools, especially outside of the major cities, are all-white because few Blacks could afford the tuition.
3. Rejection Of Interracial Marriage.
Interracial marriage, the most intimate of the forms of integration received the lowest level of approval from South Africans. With that, one can absolutely infer that the blacks, whites and colored South Africans do not want to bond. They do not want any link, connection or union. Thus they have effectively stayed apart. That’s definitely something apartheid can cause.
2. Unequal Standards Of Living Blacks Are Left Behind.
A vast majority of citizens materially excluded in South Africa are blacks. A study that categorized and measured the standard of living of South Africans reported that an overwhelming majority of the poor are blacks. Data from the study revealed that 35.4 percent of black South Africans are in the lowest four Living Standard Measure (LSM) categories, 48.2 percent are in the middle categories and 16.3 percent are in the highest four categories. Whereas for white South Africans, 0% are in the lowest four LSM groups 5% are in the middle categories, and 95% are in the top four categories.
1. Orania The All-White City.
You’ll know apartheid still exists in South Africa when you read Carel Boshoff IV statement. Carel, the great son-in-law of the former prime minister Henrik Verwoerd, that orchestrated apartheid, said that “when new people come to Orania, they are interviewed by a group of people to make sure that they have sufficient understanding of what the town is about.” With such a statement, one begins to understand why all the residents of Orania are the descendants of white migrants of Dutch and German. Could it be that the black faces that appeared in Orania failed the said interview and were disqualified as ineligible to live in Orania? Why are there no blacks in Orania? Despite claims by the white community in Orania that the town is not racist, the only reasonable answer to the questions above is apartheid.
Another place is called Kleinfontein, and it’s located just southeast of Pretoria, the country’s capital. About 1,000 whites live there, and the area is protected by white men in military uniforms at the gate, which is adorned by the old, segregated South African flag. The residents speak and all signs are in Afrikaan, the language that developed out of the Dutch dialect spoken by early colonizers who came to this beautiful land and killed and pillaged to take it over. Further, a bust of the man credited with developing apartheid, Hendrik Verwoerd, rests at the entrance to Kleinfontein. The town’s spokeswoman told CNN: “Kleinfontein is a cultural community. If you are not an Afrikaaner, you cannot live here.” She defends its existence, saying residents simply want to live among their own kind.